Agrarian Reform in Russia: The Road from Serfdom

Agrarian Reform in Russia: The Road from Serfdom

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Carol S. Leonard
Cambridge University Press
Edition: Illustrated, 8/6/2015
EAN 9781107546233, ISBN10: 1107546230

Paperback, 420 pages, 22.9 x 15.2 x 2.7 cm
Language: English

This book examines the history of reforms and major state interventions affecting Russian agriculture: the abolition of serfdom in 1861, the Stolypin reforms, the NEP, the Collectivization, Khrushchev reforms, and finally farm enterprise privatization in the early 1990s. It shows a pattern emerging from a political imperative in imperial, Soviet, and post-Soviet regimes, and it describes how these reforms were justified in the name of the national interest during severe crises - rapid inflation, military defeat, mass strikes, rural unrest, and/or political turmoil. It looks at the consequences of adversity in the economic environment for rural behavior after reform and at long-run trends. It has chapters on property rights, rural organization, and technological change. It provides a new database for measuring agricultural productivity from 1861 to 1913 and updates these estimates to the present. This book is a study of the policies aimed at reorganizing rural production and their effectiveness in transforming institutions.

Part I. Dilemmas of Agrarian Reform in Russia
1. Imperial reform, 1861–1913
2. The NEP and Soviet era reforms, 1921–89
3. Transition agrarian reform, 1991–2008
Part II. Russian Law and Rural Organization, 1861–2008
4. Property rights reform
5. Rural organization and entrepreneurship
Part. III. Russian Agricultural Performance, 1861–2008
6. Technology and farming culture
7. The productivity of Russian agriculture