# Atoms and Molecules Interacting with Light: Atomic Physics for the Laser Era

Cambridge University Press, 2/4/2016

EAN 9781107090149, ISBN10: 1107090148

Hardcover, 527 pages, 24.8 x 17.8 x 2.5 cm

Language: English

Originally published in English

This in-depth textbook with a focus on atom-light interactions prepares students for research in a fast-growing and dynamic field. Intended to accompany the laser-induced revolution in atomic physics, it is a comprehensive text for the emerging era in atomic, molecular and optical science. Utilising an intuitive and physical approach, the text describes two-level atom transitions, including appendices on Ramsey spectroscopy, adiabatic rapid passage and entanglement. With a unique focus on optical interactions, the authors present multi-level atomic transitions with dipole selection rules, and M1/E2 and multiphoton transitions. Conventional structure topics are discussed in some detail, beginning with the hydrogen atom and these are interspersed with material rarely found in textbooks such as intuitive descriptions of quantum defects. The final chapters examine modern applications and include many references to current research literature. The numerous exercises and multiple appendices throughout enable advanced undergraduate and graduate students to balance theory with experiment.

Part I. Atom-Light Interaction

1. The classical physics pathway

Appendix 1A. Damping force on an accelerating charge

Appendix 1B. Hanle effect

Appendix 1C. Optical tweezers

2. Interaction of two-level atoms and light

Appendix 2A. Pauli matrices for motion of the bloch vector

Appendix 2B. The Ramsey method

Appendix 2C. Echoes and interferometry

Appendix 2D. Adiabatic rapid passage

Appendix 2E Superposition and entanglement

3. The atom-light interaction

Appendix 3A. Proof of the oscillator strength theorem

Appendix 3B. Electromagnetic fields

Appendix 3C. The dipole approximation

Appendix 3D. Time resolved fluorescence from multi-level atoms

4. 'Forbidden' transitions

Appendix 4A. Higher order approximations

5. Spontaneous emission

Appendix 5A. The quantum mechanical harmonic oscillator

Appendix 5B. Field quantization

Appendix 5C. Alternative theories to QED

6. The density matrix

Appendix 6A. The LiouvilleÃ¢â‚¬â€œvon Neumann equation

Part II. Internal Structure

7. The hydrogen atom

Appendix 7A. Center-of-mass motion

Appendix 7B. Coordinate systems

Appendix 7C. Commuting operators

Appendix 7D. Matrix elements of the radial wavefunctions

8. Fine structure

Appendix 8A. The Sommerfeld fine-structure constant

Appendix 8B. Measurements of the fine structure 9. Effects of the nucleus

Appendix 9A. Interacting magnetic dipoles

Appendix 9B. Hyperfine structure for two spin =2 particles

Appendix 9C. The hydrogen maser

10. The alkali-metal atoms

Appendix 10A. Quantum defects for the alkalis

Appendix 10B. Numerov method

11. Atoms in magnetic fields

Appendix 11A. The ground state of atomic hydrogen

Appendix 11B. Positronium

Appendix 11C. The non-crossing theorem

Appendix 11D. Passage through an anticrossing

LandauÃ¢â‚¬â€œZener transitions

12. Atoms in electric fields

13. Rydberg atoms

14. The helium atom

Appendix 14A. Variational calculations

Appendix 14B. Detail on the variational calculations of the ground state

15. The periodic system of the elements

Appendix 15A. Paramagnetism

Appendix 15B. The color of gold

16. Molecules

Appendix 16A. Morse potential

17. Binding in the hydrogen molecule

Appendix 17A. Confocal elliptical coordinates

Appendix 17B. One-electron two-center integrals

Appendix 17C. Electron-electron interaction in molecular hydrogen

18. Ultra-cold chemistry

Part III. Applications

19. Optical forces and laser cooling

20. Confinement of neutral atoms

21. BoseÃ¢â‚¬â€œEinstein condensation

Appendix 21A. Distribution functions

Appendix 21B. Density of states

22. Cold molecules

23. Three level systems

Appendix 23A. General case for _1 , _2

24. Fundamental physics

Part IV. Appendices

Appendix A. Notation and definitions

Appendix B. Units and notation

Appendix C. Angular momentum in quantum mechanics

Appendix D. Transition strengths

References

Index.