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Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics)

Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics)

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Michael Albertus
Cambridge University Press, 9/15/2015
EAN 9781107106550, ISBN10: 1107106559

Hardcover, 320 pages, 23.5 x 15.8 x 2.4 cm
Language: English

When and why do countries redistribute land to the landless? What political purposes does land reform serve, and what place does it have in today's world? A long-standing literature dating back to Aristotle and echoed in important recent works holds that redistribution should be both higher and more targeted at the poor under democracy. Yet comprehensive historical data to test this claim has been lacking. This book shows that land redistribution - the most consequential form of redistribution in the developing world - occurs more often under dictatorship than democracy. It offers a novel theory of land reform and develops a typology of land reform policies. Albertus leverages original data spanning the world and dating back to 1900 to extensively test the theory using statistical analysis and case studies of key countries such as Egypt, Peru, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. These findings call for rethinking much of the common wisdom about redistribution and regimes.

1. Introduction
2. Actors, interests, and the origins of elite splits
3. A theory of land reform
4. Measuring land reform
5. A cross-national analysis of land reform in Latin America
6. Elite splits and land redistribution under autocracy
Peru's 'revolution from above'
7. Land reform transformed to redistribution
Venezuela's Punto Fijo democracy and Chávez's Bolivarian revolution
8. Latin America in comparative perspective
9. Conclusion.