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Biologically Modified Justice

Biologically Modified Justice

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Colin Farrelly
Cambridge University Press, 6/16/2016
EAN 9781107568518, ISBN10: 110756851X

Paperback, 296 pages, 23 x 15.2 x 1.7 cm
Language: English

Theories of distributive justice tend to focus on the issue of what constitutes a fair division of 'external' goods and opportunities; things like wealth and income, opportunities for education and basic liberties and rights. However, rapid advances in the biomedical sciences have ushered in a new era, one where the 'genetic lottery of life' can be directly influenced by humans in ways that would have been considered science fiction only a few decades ago. How should theories of justice be modified to take seriously the prospect of new biotechnologies, especially given the health challenges posed by global aging? Colin Farrelly addresses a host of topics, ranging from gene therapy and preimplantation genetic diagnosis, to an 'anti-aging' intervention and the creation and evolution of patriarchy. This book aims to foster the interdisciplinary dialogue needed to ensure we think rationally and cogently about science and science policy in the twenty-first century.

Introduction
1. The genetic revolution
Part I. The Duty to Aid in an Aging World
2. Empirical ethics and Singer's principle of preventing bad occurrences
3. The duty to extend the biological warranty period
4. Equality and the duty to retard human aging
5. Framing the inborn aging process and longevity science
Part II. Genetic Justice
6. Science and justice
7. Genetic justice and the limitations of formulating distributive 'ideals'
8. Normative theorizing about genetics
a response to Loi
Part III. Patents, Reproductive Freedom and Patriarchy
9. Gene patents and justice
10. PGD and reproductive freedom
11. Historical materialism and patriarchy
Conclusion.