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Crime and Punishment in Early Modern Russia (New Studies in European History)

Crime and Punishment in Early Modern Russia (New Studies in European History)

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Nancy Kollmann
Cambridge University Press, 10/11/2012
EAN 9781107025134, ISBN10: 1107025133

Hardcover, 506 pages, 22.9 x 15.2 x 3.2 cm
Language: English

This is a magisterial account of the day-to-day practice of Russian criminal justice in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Nancy Kollmann contrasts Russian written law with its pragmatic application by local judges, arguing that this combination of formal law and legal institutions with informal, flexible practice contributed to the country's social and political stability. She also places Russian developments in the broader context of early modern European state-building strategies of governance and legal practice. She compares Russia's rituals of execution to the 'spectacles of suffering' of contemporary European capital punishment and uncovers the dramatic ways in which even the tsar himself, complying with Moscow's ideologies of legitimacy, bent to the moral economy of the crowd in moments of uprising. Throughout, the book assesses how criminal legal practice used violence strategically, administering horrific punishments in some cases and in others accommodating with local communities and popular concepts of justice.

Introduction
Part I. Judicial Culture
1. Foundations of the criminal law
2. The problem of professionalism
judicial staff
3. Staff and society
4. Policing of officialdom
5. Procedure and evidence
6. Torture
7. Resolving a case
8. Petrine reforms and the criminal law
Part II. Punishment
9. Corporal punishment to 1648
10. Corporal punishment, 1649–98
11. To the exile system
12. Peter I and punishment
13. Capital punishment
form and ritual
14. Punishing highest crime in the long sixteenth century
15. Factions, witchcraft and heresy
16. Riot and rebellion
17. Moral economies
spectacle and sacrifice
18. Peter the Great and spectacles of suffering
Conclusion
Russian legal culture
Appendix
punishment for felonies
Bibliography.