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Designing Federalism: A Theory of Self-Sustainable Federal Institutions

Designing Federalism: A Theory of Self-Sustainable Federal Institutions

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Mikhail Filippov, Peter C. Ordeshook, Olga Shvetsova
Cambridge University Press, 1/12/2004
EAN 9780521816182, ISBN10: 0521816181

Hardcover, 396 pages, 23.6 x 15.9 x 3 cm
Language: English

Because of the redistributive nature of institutions and the availability of implementable alternatives with different distributive consequences, the desire of federation members to change institutional specifics in their favor is a permanent feature of the federal political process. This is so for two reasons. First, states or their equivalents in democratic federations usually can succeed in renegotiating the rules if they feel sufficiently motivated to do so. Second, in the case of a federation it is more or less clear who stands to benefit from any change in institutions. Thus, the existence of an equilibrium of constitutional legitimacy at the popular and elite levels cannot be taken for granted. The authors show that the presence in the political process of agents who are 'naturally committed' to the status-quo institutional arrangement can suffice to coordinate voters to act as if they support existing constitutional arrangements.

1. Federations and the theoretical problem
1.1 Why Federalism
1.2 Definitions
1.3 The long search for stability
Federalism as nuisance
Federalism as engine of prosperity
Riker as intermediary
1.4 The fundamental problem of stability
1.5 Basic premises and conclusions
2. Federal bargaining
2.1 Alliances versus federations
2.2 The private character of public goods
2.3 Equilibrium selection and redistribution
2.4 The 'federal problem'
2.5 Bargaining for control of the center
2.6 Allocating jurisdictions
2.7 Three levels of institutional design
3. Two cases of uninstitutionalized bargaining
3.1 The Czechoslovak dissolution
3.2 The Soviet dissolution
3.3 The feasibility of success in initial bargaining
3.4 Secession
the special road to renegotiation
4. Representation
4.1 Two alternative models of Federalism
4.2 A national venue for bargaining
4.3 Within versus without
4.4 Direct versus delegated representation
4.5 Other parameters of design
4.6 Bilateral decision making and the case of Russia
5. Incentives
5.1 Institutional enforcement
5.2 The court
5.3 Some simple rules of constitutional design
5.4 Voters versus elites
5.5 Desirable imperfection and a democratic as if principle
6. Political parties in a federal state
6.1 An extreme hypothesis
6.2 Parties in a democracy
6.3 The idealized party system
6.4 Integrated parties
6.5 Integration outside the United States
Australian Federalism and the role of parties
Canada
6.6 India
Leadership incentives
Rank and file incentives
The party and Federalism
1967 and thereafter
7. Institutional sources of federal stability I
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Level 2 and the federalist
7.3 Level 3 institutions
7.4 Australia, Canada, Germany, and India revisited
Germany
Canada
Canada vs Australia and India
7.3 Local and regional design parameters
8. Institutional sources of federal stability II
8.1 Electoral mechanisms and societal structures
Representation
Ethnicity
Defining federal subjects
Number of local jurisdictions
Authority over local governments
8.2 Bicameralism
Symmetry
Presidential authority
Presidential selection
Electoral connections
8.3 Level 1 and the scope of the federal mandate
8.4 Level 0 - things beyond design
9. Designing Federalism
9.1 Russia
Electoral arrangements
Regional autonomy
Constitutional matters
Parties and the current status quo
9.2 The European Union
Background
The role of parties
The puzzle of the collusion
France versus Britain
EU institutional design
9.4 Conclusion.