Exchange Rate Parity for Trade and Development
Cambridge University Press, 15/02/1996
EAN 9780521482165, ISBN10: 052148216X
Hardcover, 343 pages, 23.2 x 16.2 x 2.8 cm
This book extends recent theories of incomplete markets to investigate empirically the appropriate balance between the market and the state in the trade relations between developed and developing countries. The conclusion is that in an ideal world government intervention in foreign exchange and trade is necessary in developing countries in the early stages and inevitably decreases as development occurs. Rationing of foreign exchange prevents a ‘soft currency distortion’ that commonly afflicts developing countries and can turn comparative advantage trade into competitive devaluation trade, with severe losses of income and welfare. Yotopoulos finds that the level of underdevelopment narrowly circumscribes and conditions the extent to which free-market, free-trade, laissez-faire can be beneficial, contrary to the mainstream policy paradigm as currently applied. The analysis and tests draw on empirical research from seventy countries and four extended country studies to confirm the usefulness and validity of the theoretical framework.
‘I thoroughly enjoyed reading this book and found it most stimulating. What a pleasure it is to read careful empirical work by an author who worries about what his data mean ... I find the basic analysis interesting and quite convincing in positive terms.’ Alan Winters, International Trade Division, The World Bank