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Existence: Essays in Ontology

Existence: Essays in Ontology

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Peter van Inwagen
Cambridge University Press, 4/10/2014
EAN 9781107047129, ISBN10: 1107047129

Hardcover, 267 pages, 22.8 x 15.2 x 1.7 cm
Language: English

The problem of the nature of being was central to ancient and medieval philosophy, and continues to be relevant today. In this collection of thirteen recent essays, Peter van Inwagen applies the techniques of analytical philosophy to a wide variety of problems in ontology and meta-ontology. Topics discussed include the nature of being, the meaning of the existential quantifier, ontological commitment, recent attacks on metaphysics and ontology, the concept of ontological structure, fictional entities, mereological sums, and the ontology of mental states. Van Inwagen adopts a generally 'Quinean' position in meta-ontology, yet reaches ontological conclusions very different from Quine's. The volume includes two previously unpublished essays, one of which is an introductory essay where van Inwagen explains his conception of the relation between the language of 'the ordinary business of life' and that of 'the ontology room'. The volume will be an important collection for students and scholars of metaphysics.

Preface
Introduction
inside and outside the ontology room
1. Five questions
2. The new antimetaphysicians
3. Being, existence, and ontological commitment
4. Existence, ontological commitment, and fictional entities
5. Can variables be explained away?
6. Quine's 1946 lecture on nominalism
7. Alston on ontological commitment
8. A theory of properties
9. What is an ontological category?
10. Relational vs. constituent ontologies
11. Can mereological sums change their parts?
12. Causation and the mental.