Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications (Special Publications of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics)

Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications (Special Publications of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics)

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Cambridge University Press, 4/17/2014
EAN 9781107033863, ISBN10: 1107033861

Hardcover, 413 pages, 28.2 x 22.3 x 2.4 cm
Language: English

This book presents a unique, interdisciplinary approach to disaster risk research, combining cutting-edge natural science and social science methodologies. Bringing together leading scientists, policy makers and practitioners from around the world, it presents the risks of global hazards such as volcanoes, seismic events, landslides, hurricanes, precipitation floods and space weather, and provides real-world hazard case studies from Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific region. Avoiding complex mathematics, the authors provide insight into topics such as the vulnerability of society, disaster risk reduction policy, relations between disaster policy and climate change, adaptation to hazards, and (re)insurance approaches to extreme events. This is a key resource for academic researchers and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines linked to hazard and risk studies, including geophysics, volcanology, hydrology, atmospheric science, geomorphology, oceanography and remote sensing, and for professionals and policy makers working in disaster prevention and mitigation.

List of contributors
Part I. Introduction
1. Extreme natural hazards and societal implications – ENHANS project Alik Ismail-Zadeh
2. The grand challenges of integrated research on disaster risk Gordon McBean
Part II. Extreme Hazards and Disaster Risks
3. Extreme volcanism
disaster risks and societal implications Amy Donovan and Clive Oppenheimer
4. Extreme seismic events
from basic science to disaster risk mitigation Alik Ismail-Zadeh
5. The spatial-temporal dimensions of landslide disasters Irasema Alcántara-Ayala
6. Global climate model and projected hydro-meteorological extremes in the future Akio Kitoh
7. Physically-based hurricane risk analysis Ning Lin, Kerry Emanuel and Erik Vanmarcke
8. Satellite-based remote sensing estimation of precipitation for early warning systems Soroosh Sorooshian, Phu Nguyen, Scott Sellars, Dan Braithwaite, Amir AghaKouchak and Kuolin Hsu
9. Predicting and mitigating socio-economic impacts of extreme space weather
benefits of improved forecasts Daniel N. Baker, Jamie M. Jackson and Lauren K. Thompson
10. Predictability of extreme events in a branching diffusion model Andrei Gabrielov, Vladimir Keilis-Borok, Sayaka Olsen and Ilya Zaliapin
Part III. Case Studies
Latin America and the Caribbean Region
11. Earthquakes, tsunamis, and the related vulnerability in South America and the Caribbean – an overview Omar J. Pérez, Carlos Rodríguez and José L. Alonso
12. Magnetic studies of active volcanoes in Mexico
implications for volcanic hazards and volcano monitoring Jaime Urrutia-Fucugauchi
Part IV. Case Studies
13. Volcanism in Africa
geological perspectives, hazards and societal implications Nils Lenhardt and Clive Oppenheimer
14. Recent volcanic eruptions in the Afar rift, north-eastern Africa, and implications for volcanic risk management in the region Gezahegn Yirgu, David J. Ferguson, Talfan D. Barnie and Clive Oppenheimer
15. Large recorded earthquakes in Sub-Saharan Africa Vunganai Midzi and Brassnavy Manzunzu
16. Tsunami impact on the African continent
historical cases and hazard evaluation Vyacheslav K. Gusiakov
17. Advancing disaster risk governance in Madagascar
the role of higher education institutions Mahefasoa T. Randrianalijaona and Ailsa Holloway
Part V. Case Studies
Middle East
18. Natural hazards in Saudi Arabia Abdulaziz M. Al-Bassam, Faisal K. Zaidi and Mohammad T. Hussein
19. Large earthquakes and tsunamis in the Mediterranean region and its connected seas Gerassimos A. Papadopoulos and Antonia Papageorgiou
20. Earthquake risk and risk reduction capacity building in Iran Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany
Part VI. Case Studies
Asia and the Pacific Region
21. The Chao Phraya floods 2011 Sucharit Koontanakulvong
22. Environmental risk management in Australia
natural hazards Tom Beer
23. The 2008 Wenchuan, China, earthquake Zhongliang Wu and Tengfei Ma
24. The 2011 Tohoku, Japan, earthquake and tsunami Kenji Satake
25. India's tsunami warning system T. Srinivasa Kumar, Shailesh Nayak and Harsh K. Gupta
Part VII. Disaster Risks and Societal Implications
26. The International Strategy for Disaster Reduction and the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005–15)
essential tools for meeting the challenges of extreme events Sálvano Briceño
27. Disaster policy and climate change
how much more of the same? Stephen Dovers and John Handmer
28. Vulnerability, impacts and adaptation to sea level related hazards taking an ecosystem based approach Keith Alverson
29. Extreme geohazards
risk management from a (re)insurance perspective Anselm Smolka
30. Hitting the poor
public-private partnership as an option. Impact of natural catastrophes on economies at various stages of development Angelika Wirtz, Petra Löw, Thomas Mahl and Sibel Yildirim