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Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries

Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries

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Denis J. Murphy Edited by Ademola A. Adenle
Cambridge University Press, 5/31/2017
EAN 9781107151918, ISBN10: 1107151910

Hardcover, 308 pages, 25.4 x 17.8 x 2.9 cm
Language: English

Bringing together the ideas of experts from around the world, this incisive text offers cutting-edge perspectives on the risk analysis and governance of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), supporting effective and informed decision-making in developing countries. Comprised of four comprehensive sections, this book covers: integrated risk analysis and decision making, giving an overview of the science involved and examining risk analysis methods that impact decision-making on the release of GMOs, particularly in developing countries; diversification of expertise involved in risk analysis and practical ways in which the lack of expertise in developing countries can be overcome; risk analysis based regulatory systems and how they can be undermined by power relationships and socio-political interests, as well as strategies for improving GMO policy development and regulatory decision-making; and case studies from developing countries providing lessons based on real-world experience that can inform our current thinking.

1. Introduction Ademola A. Adenle, E. Jane Morris and Denis J. Murphy
2. Recent scientific developments in genetic technologies
implications for future regulation of GMOs in developing countries Denis J. Murphy
3. A strategy for integrating science into regulatory decision-making for GMOs Wendy Craig, Dennis Ndolo Obonyo and Mark Tepfer
4. Governance of benefits and risks of GMOs in developing countries E. Jane Morris
5. The Canadian experience with the creation and implementation of regulatory frameworks for the environmental release of GM crops as a model for developing countries Phil Macdonald
6. Labelling of food from GMOs
options to consider by developing countries Wilna Jansen van Rijssen and Wynand J. van der Walt
7. Building human capacity and skills in biosafety
lessons learned and emerging best practices John Komen and Muffy Koch
8. Regulation of GMOs in developing countries
why socioeconomic considerations matter for decision-making Jose Falck-Zepeda and Marnus Gouse
9. Food safety assessment of genetically modified crops in developing countries
the experience in Africa Godwin Lemgo, Narender Nehra and Hector Quemada
10. Being scientific about socio-economics in GMO decision-making in developing countries Monica Racovita
11. The sharing of information in risk assessment
how national authorities co-operate Peter Kearns, Bertrand Dagallier and Takahiko Nikaido
12. Should GM rice with nutrition benefits be deployed? Findings from biotech and socio-economic research Hans De Steur, Dieter Blancquaert, Christophe Stove, Willy Lambert, Dominique Van Der Straeten and Xavier Gellynck
13. The risk analysis framework and biosafety policy Peter W. B. Phillips and Stuart J. Smyth
14. Precautionary principle as a barrier to GMO risk analysis
Elicitation of experts' viewpoints Ademola A. Adenle
15. How do socio-political disputes of GMOs influence decision-making in developing countries? Hossein Azadi, Ademola A. Adenle and Klaus Ammann
16. Biosafety communication
beyond risk communication Andrea Sonnino and Sandra Sharry
17. The role of mass media and lobbies in the formulation of GMO regulations Mauro Vigani
18. Risk regulation of agricultural GMOs in China
challenges and prospects Wen Xiang
19. Commercial use and governance of Bt cotton in China Yunhe Li, Yanhui Lu, Eric M. Hallerman, Yufa Peng and Kongming Wu
20. Regulatory regime of genetically modified crops in India Krishna Ravi Srinivas
21. The Argentinian GMO biosafety system
an evolving perspective Carmen Vicien and Eduardo Trigo
22. The Brazilian GMO regulatory system
a historical view and perspective Edivaldo Domingues Velini, Maria Lúcia Zaidan Dagli, Gutemberg Delfino de Souza, Rubens José Nascimento, Tassiana Fronza Pinho, Paulo Paes de Andrade and Helaine Carrer
23. Effective regulatory regime supported by research and development is key to adoption of GM technology in West Africa
Burkina Faso and Nigeria as case studies Olalekan Akinbo, Ademola A. Adenle and Diran Makinde
24. Pathway for biosafety regulation of GMOs in Sub-Saharan Africa Julius Ecuru
25. Conclusions and recommendations E. Jane Morris, Ademola A. Adenle and Denis J. Murphy.