Imperatives (Key Topics in Semantics and Pragmatics)

Imperatives (Key Topics in Semantics and Pragmatics)

  • £9.39
  • Save £18

Mark Jary
Cambridge University Press, 7/1/2014
EAN 9781107632356, ISBN10: 1107632358

Paperback, 334 pages, 21.6 x 14 x 1.9 cm
Language: English

Imperative sentences usually occur in speech acts such as orders, requests, and pleas. However, they are also used to give advice, and to grant permission, and are sometimes found in advertisements, good wishes and conditional constructions. Yet, the relationship between the form of imperatives, and the wide range of speech acts in which they occur, remains unclear, as do the ways in which semantic theory should handle imperatives. This book is the first to look systematically at both the data and the theory. The first part discusses data from a large set of languages, including many outside the Indo-European family, and analyses in detail the range of uses to which imperatives are put, paying particular attention to controversial cases. This provides the empirical background for the second part, where the authors offer an accessible, comprehensive and in-depth discussion of the major theoretical accounts of imperative semantics and pragmatics.

Part I. The Data
1. What is the imperative mood?
2. Imperative mood and directive force
3. Imperatives with conditional meanings
Part II. The Theories
Introduction to Part II
from data to theory
4. The imperative is directive force
5. Declarative-like semantics for imperatives
6. The imperative as a distinct semantic type
An opinionated conclusion
Appendix A. Possible worlds and semantics
Appendix B. Modality in possible-word semantics
Appendix C. Stalnaker's common-ground model of assertion