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Intentions in the Experience of Meaning

Intentions in the Experience of Meaning

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Raymond W. Gibbs
Cambridge University Press, 1/20/2000
EAN 9780521572453, ISBN10: 0521572452

Hardcover, 424 pages, 22.9 x 15.2 x 2.7 cm
Language: English

What do our assumptions about authorship matter for our experience of meaning? This book examines the debates in the humanities and social sciences over whether authorial intentions can, or should, constrain our interpretation of language and art. Scholars assume that understanding of linguistic and artistic meaning should not be constrained by beliefs about authors and their possible intentions in creating a human artifact. It is argued here that people are strongly disposed to infer intentionality when understanding oral speech, written texts, artworks, and many other human actions. Although ordinary people, and scholars, may infer meanings that diverge from, or extend beyond, what authors intend, our experience of human artifacts as meaningful is fundamentally tied to our assumptions of intentionality. This challenges the traditional ideas of intentions as existing solely in the minds of individuals, and formulates a new conceptual framework for examining if and when intentions influence the interpretation of meaning.

Part I. Introduction
1. The controversy over intentions
Part II. Searching For Intentions
2. Intentions and intentional action
3. Meaning and communication
4. Inferring intentionality in experience
Part III. Intentions in Discourse
5. Spoken language
6. Saying what we don't mean
7. Writing and reading
Part IV. Intentions in Criticism
8. Questions of authorship
9. Literary interpretation and criticism
10. Interpreting the law
11. Understanding art
Part V. Conclusion
12. The intentional mind.