Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill: Learning, Development and Evolution

Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill: Learning, Development and Evolution

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Michael Waldmann Edited by Mandeep Dhami
Cambridge University Press, 12/1/2011
EAN 9780521767811, ISBN10: 0521767814

Hardcover, 328 pages, 23.5 x 15.8 x 2 cm
Language: English

This book presents a comprehensive review of both theories and research on the dynamic nature of human judgment and decision making (JDM). Leading researchers in the fields of JDM, cognitive development, human learning and neuroscience discuss short-term and long-term changes in JDM skills. The authors consider how such skills increase and decline on a developmental scale in children, adolescents and the elderly; how they may be learned; and how JDM skills can be improved and aided. In addition, beyond these behavioral approaches to understanding JDM as a skill, the book provides fascinating new insights from recent evolutionary and neuropsychological approaches. The authors identify opportunities for future research on the acquisition and changing nature of JDM. In a concluding chapter, eminent past presidents of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making provide personal reflections and perspectives on the notion of JDM as a dynamic skill.

Part I. Evolutionary and Neural Bases of JDM
1. The evolved foundations of decision making Andreas Wilke and Peter M. Todd
2. Neural bases of judgment and decision making Oshin Vartanian and David R. Mandel
Part II. Developmental Approaches to JDM
3. Judgment and decision making in young children Anne Schlottmann and Friedrich Wikening
4. Judgment and decision making in adolescents Wändi Brunie de Bruin
5. Aging and decision skills Ellen Peters and Wändi Brunie de Bruin
Part III. Learning JDM
6. Learning of judgment and decision-making strategies Rui Mata and Jörg Rieskamp
7. Casual models in judgment and decision making York Hagmayer and David A. Lagnado
8. Learning judgment and decision making from feedback Nigel Harvey
Part IV. Improving and Aiding JDM
9. Improving judgment and decision making through communication and representation Peter Sedlmeier and Denis J. Hilton
10. Aiding judgment and decision making J. Frank Yates and Andrea M. Angott
11. Perspectives on judgment and decision making as a skill Mandeep K. Dhami, Anne Schlottmann, Michael R. Waldman, James Shanteau, Thomas S. Wallsten, Baruch Fischhoff, Irwin P. Levin (with Joshua A. Weller and Elaine A. Bossard), Valerie F. Reyna, Jonathan Baron, Robin M. Hogarth, Joshua Klayman and Michael H. Birnbaum.

'Research on judgment and decision-making has been limited by a narrow focus on the content-blind rules of probability and utility with their assumptions of certainty. Exploring far beyond these limits, this informative volume demonstrates that there is more to good judgment than probability: it investigates rules of conversation, evolved capacities, smart heuristics, and other skills that can deal effectively with the uncertainty in our world.' Gerd Gigerenzer, Director of the Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition (ABC) and Director of the Harding Center for Risk Literacy, Max Planck Institute for Human Development