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Megaflooding on Earth and Mars

Megaflooding on Earth and Mars

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Cambridge University Press, 9/24/2009
EAN 9780521868525, ISBN10: 0521868521

Hardcover, 330 pages, 28.2 x 22.3 x 2 cm
Language: English

Megaflooding is the sudden discharge of exceptional volumes of water. Megafloods have significantly altered the terrain of Earth and Mars, and may have acted as triggers for climate change on these planets. Recently, research into megaflooding has made important advances: on Earth, real-time measurements of contemporary floods in Iceland complement research into older and larger terrestrial floods, while on Mars terabytes of data from several spacecraft orbiting that planet are dramatically revising our view of flooding there. Beginning with a historical overview of flood science, the book presents sections on morphology and mechanisms, flood sedimentology, and modelling, each illustrated with examples from Earth and Mars. By juxtaposing terrestrial and Martian research, this volume creates a unique synthesis to further our understanding of these enormous paleoflood events. It is an invaluable reference for researchers and students of hydrology, geomorphology, sedimentology and planetary science, as well as environmental and hydraulic engineers.

1. Overview of megaflooding
Earth and Mars Victor R. Baker
2. Channel-scale erosional bedforms in loose granular material and in bedrock Paul A. Carling, Juergen Herget, J. K. Lanz, K. Richardson and Andrea Pacifici
3. A review of open-channel megaflood depositional landforms on Earth and Mars Paul A. Carling, Timothy Johnsen and Tracy A. Brennand
4. Jökulhlaups in Iceland
sources, release and drainage Helgi Björnsson
5. Channelled scabland morphology Victor R. Baker
6. The morphology and sedimentology of landforms created by subglacial megafloods Mandy J. Munro-Stasiuk, John Shaw, Darren B. Sjogren, Tracy A. Brennand, Timothy G. Fisher, David Sharpe, Philip S. G. Kor, Claire Beaney and Bruce B. Rains
7. Proglacial megaflooding along the margins of the Laurentide ice sheet Alan E. Kehew, Mark L. Lord, Andrew L. Kozlowski and Timothy G. Fisher
8. Floods for natural rock-material dams Jim E. O'Connor and Robin A. Beebee
9. Surface morphology and origin of outflow channels in the Valles Marineris region Neil M. Coleman and Victor R. Baker
10. Floods from fossae
a review of Amazonian-aged extensional-tectonic megaflood channels on Mars Devon M. Burr, Lionel Wilson and Alistair Bargery
11. Large basin overflow floods on Mars Rossman P. Irwin III and John A. Grant
12. Criteria for identifying Jökulhlaups deposits in the sedimentary record Philip M. Marren and Matthias Schuh
13. Megaflood sedimentary valley fill
Altai mountains, Siberia Paul A. Carling, I. Peter Martini, Juergen Herget, Pavel Borodavko and Sergei Parnachov
14. Modelling of subaerial Jökulhlaups in Iceland Snorri Páll Kjaran, Sigurður Lárus Hólm, Eric M. Myer and Tómas Jóhannesson
15. Jökulhlaups from Kverkfjöll volcano, Iceland
modelling transient hydraulic phenomena Jonathan L. Carrivick
16. Dynamics of fluid flow in Martian outflow channels Lionel Wilson, Alistair S. Bargery and Devon M. Burr
Index.