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Memory Detection: Theory and Application of the Concealed Information Test

Memory Detection: Theory and Application of the Concealed Information Test

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Cambridge University Press, 2/24/2011
EAN 9780521769525, ISBN10: 0521769523

Hardcover, 338 pages, 22.8 x 15.2 x 1.9 cm
Language: English

Traditional techniques for detecting deception, such as the 'lie-detector test' (or polygraph), are based upon the idea that lying is associated with stress. However, it is possible that people telling the truth will experience stress, whereas not all liars will. Because of this, the validity of such methods is questionable. As an alternative, a knowledge-based approach known as the 'Concealed Information Test' has been developed which investigates whether the examinee recognizes secret information - for example a crime suspect recognizing critical crime details that only the culprit could know. The Concealed Information Test has been supported by decades of research, and is used widely in Japan. This is the first book to focus on this exciting approach and will be of interest to law enforcement agencies and academics and professionals in psychology, criminology, policing and law.

Part I. Introduction
Introduction. Science on the rise
birth and development of the Concealed Information Test Christopher J. Patrick
1. Encouraging the use of the Guilty Knowledge Test (GKT)
what the GKT has to offer law enforcement William G. Iacono
Part II. The Laboratory
Theoretical and Empirical Foundations of the Concealed Information Test
2. Detecting concealed information using autonomic measures Matthias Gamer
3. Detecting concealed information in less than a second
response latency-based measures Bruno Verschuere and Jan De Houwer
4. P300 in detecting concealed information J. Peter Rosenfeld
5. Detecting of deception and concealed information using neuroimaging techniques Matthias Gamer
6. New and old covert measures in the Concealed Information Test Eitan Elaad
7. Theory of the Concealed Information Test Bruno Verschuere and Gershon Ben-Shakhar
Part III. Field Applications of Concealed Information Detection
Promises and Perils
8. Limitations of the Concealed Information Test in criminal cases Donald J. Kraphol
9. Validity of the Concealed Information Test in realistic contexts Eitan Elaad
10. Leakage of information to innocent suspects M. T. Bradley, Clair A. Barefoot and Andrea M. Arsenault
11. Countermeasures Gershon Ben-Shakhar
12. Psychopathy and the detection of concealed information Bruno Verschuere
13. Clinical applications of the Concealed Information Test John J. B. Allen
14. Daily application of the Concealed Information Test
Japan Akemi Osugi
15. The Concealed Information Test in the courtroom
legal aspects Gershon Ben-Shakhar and Mordechai Kremnitzer
Part IV. Conclusions
16. Practical guidelines for developing a Concealed Information Test Ewout Meijer, Bruno Verschuere and Gershon Ben-Shakhar
Epilogue Gershon Ben-Shakhar, Bruno Verschuere and Ewout Meijer.

'This set of high-quality contributions by a wide-ranging and distinguished group of experimental psychologists demonstrates that the CIT is indeed 'an idea whose time has come'. Experimental psychologists now have a platform to scientifically investigate various facets of the detection of guilt. It is also potentially relevant to that fascinating psychological process: deception, or what, in animals, is the hiding response.' John J. Furedy, Psychophysiologist and Emeritus Professor of Psychology, University of Toronto