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Parasite Diversity and Diversification: Evolutionary Ecology Meets Phylogenetics

Parasite Diversity and Diversification: Evolutionary Ecology Meets Phylogenetics

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Cambridge University Press, 2/26/2015
EAN 9781107037656, ISBN10: 1107037654

Hardcover, 488 pages, 24.7 x 17.4 x 2.6 cm
Language: English

The development of molecular tools has dramatically increased our knowledge of parasite diversity and the vectors that transmit them. From viruses and protists to arthropods and helminths, each branch of the Tree of Life offers an insight into significant, yet cryptic, biodiversity. Alongside this, the studies of host-parasite interactions and parasitism have influenced many scientific disciplines, such as biogeography and evolutionary ecology, by using comparative methods based on phylogenetic information to unravel shared evolutionary histories. Parasite Diversity and Diversification brings together two active fields of research, phylogenetics and evolutionary ecology, to reveal and explain the patterns of parasite diversity and the diversification of their hosts. This book will encourage students and researchers in the fields of ecology and evolution of parasitism, as well as animal and human health, to integrate phylogenetics into the investigation of parasitism in evolutionary ecology, health ecology, medicine and conservation.

List of contributors
Foreword
Introduction Serge Morand, Boris Krasnov and Tim Littlewood
Part I. Evolutionary Ecology of Parasite Diversity
1. Quantifying parasite diversity Robert Poulin
2. Relationships between parasite diversity and host diversity Boris Krasnov and Robert Poulin
3. Patterns of diversity and distribution of aquatic invertebrates and their parasites Tommy L. F. Leung, Camilo Mora and Klaus Rohde
4. Under the changing climate
how shifting geographic distributions and sexual selection shape parasite diversification Lajos Rózsa, Piotr Tryjanowski and Zoltán Vas
5. Impacts of parasite diversity on wild vertebrates
limited knowledge but important perspectives Frederic Bordes and Serge Morand
Part II. The Evolutionary History of Parasite Diversity
6. Revealing parasite diversity using brute force molecular techniques and gently persuasive microscopy Aurélie Chambouvet, Thomas A. Richards, David Bass and Sigrid Neuhauser
7. Evolution of simian retroviruses Ahidjo Ayouba and Martine Peeters
8. The diversity and phylogeny of Rickettsia Lucy A. Weinert
9. Advances in the classification of Acanthocephalans
evolutionary history and evolution of the parasitism Martín García-Varela and Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
10. The study of primate evolution from a lousy perspective David L. Reed, Julie M. Allen, Melissa A. Toups, Bret Boyd and Marina Ascunce
11. Host correlates of diversification in avian lice Lajos Rózsa and Zoltán Vas
12. Evolutionary history of Siphonaptera
fossils, origins, vectors Katharina Dittmar, Qiyun Zhu, Michael W. Hastriter and Michael F. Whiting
13. Bat fly evolution from the Eocene to the present (Hippoboscoidea, Streblidae and Nycteribiidae) Katharina Dittmar, Solon F. Morse, Carl W. Dick and Bruce D. Patterson
14. The evolution of parasitism and host associations in mites Ashley Dowling
15. Nematode life-traits diversity in the light of their phylogenetic diversification Serge Morand, Steve Nadler and Arne Skorping
16. Phylogenetic patterns of diversity in the cestodes and trematodes Timothy J. Littlewood, Rodney A. Bray and Andrea Waeschenbach
17. Patterns of diversification in the parasites of Caribbean Anolis lizards Bryan G. Falk and Susan L. Perkins
Part III. Combining Ecology and Phylogenetics
18. Comparative analysis – recent developments and uses with parasites Yves Desdevises, Serge Morand, Boris R. Krasnov and Julien Claude
19. Phylogenetic signals in ecological properties of parasites Boris R. Krasnov, Serge Morand and Robert Poulin
20. Parasite species coexistence and the evolution of the parasite niche Andrea Šimková and Serge Morand
21. A community perspective on the evolution of virulence Hadas Hawlena and Frida Ben-Ami
22. Host-specificity and species jumps in fish-parasite systems Maarten P. M. Vanhove and Tine Huyse
23. When is cophylogeny evidence of coevolution? Timothée Poisot
24. Bringing together phylogenies and behaviour in host-parasite interactions Tania Jenkins and Philippe Christe
25. The evolutionary epidemiology of the Hepatitis C virus Peter V. Markov, Rebecca R. Gray, James Iles and Oliver G. Pybus
Conclusion and perspectives Armand Kuris
Index.