Plato and the Divided Self

Plato and the Divided Self

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Cambridge University Press, 2/16/2012
EAN 9780521899666, ISBN10: 0521899664

Hardcover, 410 pages, 21.6 x 14 x 2.4 cm
Language: English

Plato's account of the tripartite soul is a memorable feature of dialogues like the Republic, Phaedrus and Timaeus: it is one of his most famous and influential yet least understood theories. It presents human nature as both essentially multiple and diverse - and yet somehow also one - divided into a fully human 'rational' part, a lion-like 'spirited part' and an 'appetitive' part likened to a many-headed beast. How these parts interact, how exactly each shapes our agency and how they are affected by phenomena like erôs and education is complicated and controversial. The essays in this book investigate how the theory evolves over the whole of Plato's work, including the Republic, Phaedrus and Timaeus, and how it was developed further by important Platonists such as Galen, Plutarch and Plotinus. They will be of interest to a wide audience in philosophy and classics.

Acknowledgements and notes
Editors' introduction Rachel Barney, Tad Brennan and Charles Brittain
Part I. Transitions to Tripartition
1. Enkrateia and the partition of the soul in the Gorgias Louis-André Dorion
2. From the Phaedo to the Republic
philosophers, non-philosophers, and the possibility of virtue Iakovos Vasiliou
3. The soul as a one and a many
Republic 436a8–439d9 Eric Brown
Part II. Moral Psychology and the Parts of the Soul
4. Erôs before and after tripartition Frisbee Sheffield
5. Speaking with the same voice as reason
personification in Plato's psychology Rachana Kamtekar
6. Psychic contingency in the Republic Jennifer Whiting
7. Curbing one's appetites in Plato's Republic James Wilberding
8. The nature and object of the spirited part of the soul Tad Brennan
9. How to see an unencrusted soul
Republic X 611b–612a Raphael Woolf
Part III. Developments in Late Plato
10. Pictures and passions in the Philebus and Timaeus Jessica Moss
11. The cognition of appetite in Plato's Timaeus Hendrik Lorenz
12. Soul and state in Plato's laws Luc Brisson
Part IV. Parts of Soul in the Platonic Tradition
13. Plutarch on the division of the soul Jan Opsomer
14. Galen and the tripartite soul Mark Schiefsky
15. Plotinus and Plato on soul and action Eyjólfur K. Emilsson.