Politeness: Some Universals In Language Usage (Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics)

Politeness: Some Universals In Language Usage (Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics)

  • £25.49
  • Save £13

Penelope Brown
Cambridge University Press
Edition: Reissue, 3/12/1987
EAN 9780521313551, ISBN10: 0521313554

Paperback, 360 pages, 21.6 x 13.8 x 2.1 cm
Language: English

This study is about the principles for constructing polite speeches. The core of it first appeared in Questions and Politeness, edited by Esther N. Goody (now out of print). It is here reissued with a fresh introduction that surveys the considerable literature in linguistics, psychology and the social sciences that the original extended essay stimulated, and suggests distinct directions for research. The authors describe and account for some remarkable parallelisms in the linguistic construction of utterances with which people express themselves in different languages and cultures. A motive for these parallels is isolated and a universal model is constructed outlining the abstract principles underlying polite usages. This is based on the detailed study of three unrelated languages and cultures: the Tamil of South India, the Tzeltal spoken by Mayan Indians in Chiapas, Mexico, and the English of the USA and England. This volume will be of special interest to students in linguistic pragmatics, sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, anthropology, and the sociology and social psychology of interaction.

Symbols and abbreviations
Foreword John J. Gumperz
Introduction to the reissue
1. Introduction
2. Summarized argument
3. The argument
intuitive bases and derivative definitions
4. On the nature of the model
5. Realizations of politeness strategies in language
6. Derivative hypotheses
7. Sociological implications
8. Implications for language studies
9. Conclusions
Author index
Subject index.