Radicalism and Political Reform in the Islamic and Western Worlds

Radicalism and Political Reform in the Islamic and Western Worlds

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Kai Hafez
Cambridge University Press, 7/29/2010
EAN 9780521137119, ISBN10: 052113711X

Paperback, 260 pages, 22.9 x 15.2 x 1.5 cm
Language: English

Over the last decade, political Islam has been denounced in the Western media and in the surrounding literature as a terrorist or fascist movement that is entirely at odds with Western democratic ideology. Kai Hafez's book overturns these arguments, contending that, despite its excesses, as a radical form of political opposition the movement plays a central role in the processes of democratization and modernization, and that these processes have direct parallels in the history and politics of the West. By analyzing the evolution of Christian democratization through the upheavals of the Reformation, colonisation, fascism, and totalitarianism, the book shows how radicalism and violence were constant accompaniments to political change, and that these components - despite assertions to the contrary - are still part of Western political culture to this day.

Part I. Modernity
1. Concepts of modernity
reform, reformation and radicalism
2. Political cultures and social movements
the social rationality of cultural change
Part II. Democracy
3. The discourse of democratization
grey zones on the intersection of religion and secularism
4. Political system change
the radicals' democracy
Part III. Political Violence
5. Authoritarianism
dictatorship between fascism and modernization
6. Imperialism
autocracy, democracy and violence
7. Terrorism and non-violent resistance
extremism and pacifism across cultures
from 'holy war' to democracy? The current state of Islamic and Western modernity.