Separate Roads to Feminism: Black, Chicana, and White Feminist Movements in America's Second Wave

Separate Roads to Feminism: Black, Chicana, and White Feminist Movements in America's Second Wave

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Benita Roth
Cambridge University Press, 2/19/2004
EAN 9780521822602, ISBN10: 0521822602

Hardcover, 288 pages, 22.9 x 15.2 x 2.1 cm
Language: English

This examines the emergence of feminist movements from the Civil Rights/Black Liberation movement, the Chicano movement, and the white left in the 1960s and 1970s. The author argues that the 'second wave' was comprised of feminisms: organizationally distinct movements that influenced each other in complex ways. The making of second wave feminisms resulted from decisions that feminists made about their political choices given constraints that affected their activism. These constraints were placed on them by structural inequalities that militated against unity among feminists from different racial/ethnic communities; by loyalties that feminists, particularly feminists of color, felt to other members of their movement communities; and by the necessity of making political decisions within a competitive and complex extra-institutional oppositional milieu.

the emergence and development of feminism along racial and ethnic lines in the 1960s and 1970s
1. To whom do you refer? structure and the situated feminist
2. The 'fourth world' is born
intra-movement experience, oppositional political communities and the emergence of the white women's liberation movement
3. The vanguard center
intra-movement experience and the emergence of black feminism
4. Las Feministas
intra-movement experience and the emergence of chicana feminism
5. Organizing one's own
the competitive social movement sector and the rise of organizationally different feminist movements
revisiting and 're-visioning' second-wave feminisms
interviews and oral histories.

'... a major contribution to the study of second-wave feminism in the United States ... the rhetorical and stylistic clarity of the writing ... provides a very useful and stimulating insight into how to reconcile the structural strain which prevails in American social movement theory ...'. Cercles