Slavery and Colonial Rule in French West Africa (African Studies)

Slavery and Colonial Rule in French West Africa (African Studies)

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Martin Klein
Cambridge University Press
Edition: First Edition, 8/6/1998
EAN 9780521596787, ISBN10: 0521596785

Paperback, 380 pages, 22.9 x 15.2 x 2.4 cm
Language: English

Martin Klein's book is a history of slaves during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in three former French colonies. It investigates the changing nature of local slavery over time, and the evolving French attitudes towards it, through the phases of trade, conquest and colonial rule. The heart of the study focuses on the period between 1876 and 1922, when a French army composed largely of slave soldiers took massive numbers of slaves in the interior, while in areas near the coast, hesitant actions were taken against slave-raiding, trading and use. After 1900, the French withdrew state support of slavery, and as many as a million slaves left their masters. A second exodus occurred after World War I, when soldiers of slave origin returned home. The renegotiation of relationships between those who remained and their masters carries the story into the contemporary world.

1. Slavery in the Western Sudan
2. Abolition and retreat
Senegal, 1848–1876
3. Slavery, slave-trading and social revolution
4. Senegal after Brière
5. Conquest of the Sudan
Desbordes to Archinard
6. Senegal in the 1890s
7. The end of the conquest
8. The imposition of metropolitan priorities on slavery
9. With smoke and mirrors
slavery and the conquest of Guinea
10. The Banamba exodus
11. French fears and the limits to an emancipation policy
12. Looking for the tracks
how they did it
13. After the war
renegotiating social relations
14. A question of honour.