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The Political Economy of the Welfare State in Latin America: Globalization, Democracy, and Development

The Political Economy of the Welfare State in Latin America: Globalization, Democracy, and Development

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Alex Segura-Ubiergo
Cambridge University Press, 8/30/2007
EAN 9780521871112, ISBN10: 0521871115

Hardcover, 342 pages, 23.5 x 16.1 x 2.3 cm
Language: English

This book is one of the first attempts to analyze how developing countries through the early twenty-first century have established systems of social protection, and how these systems have been affected by the processes of globalization and democratization. The book focuses on Latin America to identify factors associated with the evolution of welfare state policies during the pre-globalization period prior to 1979, whilst studying how globalization and democratization have affected governments' fiscal commitment to social spending. In contrast with the Western European experience, more developed welfare systems evolved in countries relatively closed to international trade, while the recent process of globalization that has swept the region has put substantial downward pressure on social security expenditures. Health and education spending has been relatively protected from greater exposure to international markets and has actually increased substantially with the shift to democracy.

1. Introduction
2. The historical evolution of welfare systems in Latin America
qualitative comparative analysis
3. Theoretical framework and main hypotheses
4. Determinants of social spending in Latin America
a time-series cross-section analysis, 1973–2003
5. Chile
a classic Latin America welfare state under authoritarian stress (1973–89) and democratic revolution (1990–2000)
6. Costa Rica
globalization, gradual reform, and the politics of compensation, 1973–2002
7. Peru
political instability, regime change and late economic reform in a (non-)welfare state, 1973–2002
8. Conclusion
summary and final reflections on the sustainability and effectiveness of Latin American welfare systems.