The Political Economy of the Welfare State in Latin America: Globalization, Democracy, and Development
Cambridge University Press, 8/30/2007
EAN 9780521871112, ISBN10: 0521871115
Hardcover, 342 pages, 23.5 x 16.1 x 2.3 cm
This book is one of the first attempts to analyze how developing countries through the early twenty-first century have established systems of social protection, and how these systems have been affected by the processes of globalization and democratization. The book focuses on Latin America to identify factors associated with the evolution of welfare state policies during the pre-globalization period prior to 1979, whilst studying how globalization and democratization have affected governments' fiscal commitment to social spending. In contrast with the Western European experience, more developed welfare systems evolved in countries relatively closed to international trade, while the recent process of globalization that has swept the region has put substantial downward pressure on social security expenditures. Health and education spending has been relatively protected from greater exposure to international markets and has actually increased substantially with the shift to democracy.
2. The historical evolution of welfare systems in Latin America
qualitative comparative analysis
3. Theoretical framework and main hypotheses
4. Determinants of social spending in Latin America
a time-series cross-section analysis, 1973Ã¢â‚¬â€œ2003
a classic Latin America welfare state under authoritarian stress (1973Ã¢â‚¬â€œ89) and democratic revolution (1990Ã¢â‚¬â€œ2000)
6. Costa Rica
globalization, gradual reform, and the politics of compensation, 1973Ã¢â‚¬â€œ2002
political instability, regime change and late economic reform in a (non-)welfare state, 1973Ã¢â‚¬â€œ2002
summary and final reflections on the sustainability and effectiveness of Latin American welfare systems.