The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy

The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy

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Michael J. Loux Edited by Gabriele Galluzzo
Cambridge University Press, 7/16/2015
EAN 9781107100893, ISBN10: 1107100895

Hardcover, 242 pages, 23.5 x 15.8 x 1.8 cm
Language: English

Are there any universal entities? Or is the world populated only by particular things? The problem of universals is one of the most fascinating and enduring topics in the history of metaphysics, with roots in ancient and medieval philosophy. This collection of new essays provides an innovative overview of the contemporary debate on universals. Rather than focusing exclusively on the traditional opposition between realism and nominalism, the contributors explore the complexity of the debate and illustrate a broad range of positions within both the realist and the nominalist camps. Realism is viewed through the lens of the distinction between constituent and relational ontologies, while nominalism is reconstructed in light of the controversy over the notion of trope. The result is a fresh picture of contemporary metaphysics, in which traditional strategies of dealing with the problem of universals are both reaffirmed and called into question.

Introduction Gabriele Galluzzo and Michael J. Loux
1. An exercise in constituent ontology Michael J. Loux
2. Against ontological structure Peter Van Inwagen
3. In defense of substantial universals E. J. Lowe
4. A kind farewell to Platonism
for an Aristotelian understanding of kinds and properties Gabriele Galluzzo
5. Universals in a world of particulars John Heil
6. Is trope theory a divided house? Robert K. Garcia
7. Tropes and the generality of laws Sophie Gibb
8. On the origins of order
non-symmetric or only symmetric relation? Fraser MacBride
9. States of affairs and the relation regress Anna-Sofia Maurin.