The 'Red Terror' and the Spanish Civil War: Revolutionary Violence in Madrid

The 'Red Terror' and the Spanish Civil War: Revolutionary Violence in Madrid

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Julius Ruiz
Cambridge University Press
Edition: Translation, 4/30/2014
EAN 9781107054547, ISBN10: 1107054540

Hardcover, 360 pages, 23.6 x 15.8 x 2.8 cm
Language: English

This book deals with one of most controversial issues of the Spanish Civil War (1936–9): the 'Red Terror'. Approximately 50,000 Spaniards were extrajudicially executed in Republican Spain following the failure of the military rebellion in July 1936. This mass killing of 'fascists' seriously undermined attempts by the legally constituted Republican government to present itself in foreign quarters as fighting a war for democracy. This study, based on a wealth of scholarship and archival sources, challenges the common view that executions were the work of criminal or anarchist 'uncontrollables'. Its focus is on Madrid, which witnessed at least 8,000 executions in 1936. It shows that the terror was organized and was carried out with the complicity of the police, and argues that terror was seen as integral to the antifascist war effort. Indeed, the elimination of the internal enemy - the 'Fifth Column' - was regarded as important as the war on the front line.

1. On the brink
2. The military rebellion
3. Antifascist Madrid
4. Forging the new police
5. The justice of the people
6. If it is the will of the people…
7. Popular tribunals and the Rearguard Vigilance Militias (MVR)
8. A fifth column?
9. The prison problem
10. Paracuellos
11. The dirty war against the fifth column
12. Dealing with the legacy of the terror
forced labor for fascists, 1937–9