Violence in Psychiatry

Violence in Psychiatry

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Cambridge University Press
Edition: New, 4/28/2016
EAN 9781107092198, ISBN10: 1107092191

Hardcover, 354 pages, 26 x 20.3 x 2.5 cm
Language: English
Originally published in English

The association between violence and mental illness is well studied, yet remains highly controversial. Currently, there does appear to be a trend of increasing violence in hospital settings, including both civilly and forensically committed populations. In fact, physical aggression is the primary reason for admission to many hospitals. Given that violence is now often both a reason for admission and a barrier to discharge, there is a pressing need for violence to be re-conceptualized as a primary medical condition, not as the by-product of one. Furthermore, treatment settings need to be enhanced to address the new types of violence exhibited in inpatient environments and this modification needs to be geared toward balancing safety with treatment. This book focuses on violence from assessment, through underlying neurobiology, to treatment and other recommendations for practice. This will be of interest to forensic psychiatrists, general adult psychiatrists, psychiatric residents, psychologists, psychiatric social workers and rehabilitation therapists.

List of contributors
Part I. Statement of the Problem
1. Deinstitutionalization and the rise of violence
2. The new mission of forensic mental health systems
managing violence as a medical syndrome in an environment that balances treatment and safety
Part II. Assessment
3. The evolution of violence risk assessment
4. Assessment of aggression in inpatient settings
5. Clinical assessment of psychotic and mood disorder symptoms for risk of future violence
6. Inpatient aggression in community hospitals
7. Prevalence of physical violence in a forensic psychiatric hospital system during 2011–2013
patient assaults, staff assaults, and repeatedly violent patients
8. The psychiatrist's duty to protect
Part III. Neurobiology
9. Deconstructing violence as a medical syndrome
mapping psychotic, impulsive, and predatory subtypes to malfunctioning brain circuits
10. Aggression, DRD1 polymorphism, and lesion location in penetrating traumatic brain injury
11. Is impulsive violence an addiction? The habit hypothesis
12. The neurobiology of psychopathy
recent developments and new directions in research and treatment
13. The neurobiology of violence
14. Impulsivity and aggression in schizophrenia
a neural circuitry perspective with implications for treatment
15. Serotonin and impulsive aggression
Part IV. Guidelines
16. California State-Hospital Violence Assessment and Treatment (Cal-VAT) guidelines
Part V. Psychopharmacology
17. Effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs against hostility in patients with schizophrenia in the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) study
18. Clozapine
an effective treatment for seriously violent and psychotic men with antisocial personality disorder in a UK high-security hospital
19. Augmentation of clozapine with amisulpride
an effective therapeutic strategy for violent treatment-resistant schizophrenia patients in a UK high-security hospital
20. The psychopharmacology of violence
making sensible decisions
21. Treating the violent patient with psychosis or impulsivity utilizing antipsychotic polypharmacy and high-dose monotherapy
22. A rational approach to employing high plasma levels of antipsychotics for violence associated with schizophrenia
case vignettes
23. Illustrative cases to support Cal-VAT guidelines
Part VI. Treatment Interventions
24. A new standard of care for forensic mental health
prioritizing forensic intervention
25. Forensic focused treatment planning
a new standard for forensic mental health systems
26. Implementing an ecological approach to violence reduction at a forensic psychiatric hospital
approaches and lessons learned
27. The appropriateness of treating psychopathic disorders
28. Psychosocial approaches to violence and aggression
contextually anchored and trauma-informed interventions
29. Co-morbid mental illness and criminalness
implications for housing and treatment
30. Crime, violence and behavioral health
collaborative community strategies for risk mitigation
31. New technologies in the management of risk and violence in forensic settings
32. Risk reduction treatment of psychopathy and applications to mentally disordered offenders